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japanese family at a traditional dining setup, preparing to say 'Itadakimasu

Itadakimasu: Beyond 'Bon Appétit' in Japanese Dining

30/08/2023 3:00 PM

"Itadakimasu" is more than just a phrase before eating in Japan. Dive into its rich cultural significance, going beyond the simple translation of "Bon Appétit". Learn about its essence of gratitude and the deep bond between food and life in Japanese traditions.

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Japanese cuisine is known for its unique flavors and presentation, but there is more to it than just the taste. The phrase "Itadakimasu" is an integral part of Japanese food culture and holds a significant place in their cultural traditions. This phrase is not just a mere expression of appreciation before a meal; it carries a deeper meaning that reflects the Japanese way of life.

In this article, we will explore the meaning of "Itadakimasu" and its cultural significance in Japan. We will also delve into the dining etiquette and rituals associated with it, as well as how it reflects the broader food culture of Japan.

Key Takeaways:

  • "Itadakimasu" is a significant part of Japanese food culture that reflects their way of life
  • Expressing gratitude before a meal is an important practice in Japanese culture
  • Japanese dining etiquette emphasizes respectful behavior at the dining table

Understanding "Itadakimasu" and Its Meaning

hands in prayer position, symbolizing the gratitude expressed through 'Itadakimasu

When sitting down to a meal in Japan, you may hear the phrase "Itadakimasu" spoken before taking the first bite. This expression is more than just a formality; it reflects deep cultural values and traditions surrounding food. "Itadakimasu" is a way of expressing gratitude for the food and the efforts that went into preparing it.

The word "Itadakimasu" comes from the Japanese verb "itadaku", which means "to receive" or "to take". The phrase is often translated to mean "I humbly receive", emphasizing the mindful and respectful attitude towards dining. By saying "Itadakimasu", the speaker is acknowledging the source of the food and showing appreciation for the meal.

Expressing gratitude is a fundamental practice in Japanese culture, and it extends to the food that sustains us. "Itadakimasu" is a way of recognizing the interconnectedness of life, expressing gratitude to the people and animals that contributed to our sustenance. This practice encourages mindfulness and a deeper appreciation for the food we consume.

Furthermore, saying "Itadakimasu" is part of the practice of mindful eating, which involves being present and attentive while consuming food. This practice emphasizes enjoying the flavors and textures of the food, chewing slowly, and paying attention to the body's signals of hunger and fullness. By mindfully consuming food, we can improve our relationship with food and cultivate a deeper connection to the natural world. In short, "Itadakimasu" is a simple yet meaningful expression that represents gratitude, mindfulness, and respect towards food and those who contributed to it.

Japanese Dining Etiquette and Rituals

properly placed chopsticks on a rest, showcasing Japanese dining etiquette

Japan is a country with a rich culture and history, and its customs and traditions are reflected in many aspects of daily life, including mealtime. Japanese dining etiquette is essential to understand when dining in Japan or with Japanese people. It is important to remember that proper manners and respectful behavior while eating is a central part of Japanese culture.

The Japanese mealtime customs begin before the actual meal starts. When sitting down at the dining table and before eating, it is customary to say "Itadakimasu," which can be translated as "I humbly receive." This phrase is a sign of gratitude for the food and for the effort of those who made it. It is also a way to acknowledge that the food being consumed comes from the earth and from someone's hard work.

In Japan, it is common to use chopsticks for most meals. It is essential to use chopsticks properly, as it is considered impolite to use them incorrectly. Chopsticks should be held at their base and never crossed or stuck into the rice bowl, as this is a sign of death and is considered bad luck. When not using the chopsticks, they should be placed on a chopstick rest or the edge of the plate.

Another unique aspect of Japanese dining is the use of communal plates instead of individual servings. People eat from the same dishes, and it is customary to take small portions to be able to share with everyone at the table. Additionally, slurping is not considered impolite in Japan. In fact, it is seen as a sign of enjoyment and appreciation for the food.

Japanese food rituals and customs are also an essential part of mealtime. For example, when eating sushi, it is customary to dip the fish side of the sushi into soy sauce instead of the rice side. When eating ramen, it is polite to make a slurping noise while eating to show appreciation for the dish. These practices may seem odd to those unfamiliar with Japanese culture, but they are deeply rooted in tradition and are integral to the Japanese dining experience.

Overall, understanding Japanese dining etiquette and rituals is crucial to respect and appreciate Japanese culture. Mindful eating, expressing gratitude before a meal, and proper table manners are just a few examples of the values that are woven into Japanese mealtime customs.

Itadakimasu: A Reflection of Japanese Food Culture

fresh sashimi and roasted yaki-imo, representing seasonal ingredients in Japanese cuisine

Itadakimasu is more than just a phrase, it represents the deep appreciation for food ingrained in Japanese culture. This appreciation is reflected in the broader food culture of Japan, with a focus on using fresh, seasonal ingredients and traditional cooking methods.

Japanese cuisine is heavily influenced by the country's geography and climate, which provide an abundance of seafood, rice, and vegetables. The emphasis on fresh, seasonal ingredients can be seen in dishes such as sashimi, which showcases the natural flavors of raw fish, and yaki-imo, roasted sweet potatoes that are a popular fall treat.

In addition to the emphasis on fresh ingredients, Japanese food culture is characterized by traditional cooking methods and culinary techniques. For example, the use of dashi, a broth made from fish and seaweed, is fundamental to many Japanese dishes. Similarly, the art of sushi-making requires years of training to perfect the balance of flavor, texture, and presentation.

Japanese food culture is also deeply rooted in the concept of omotenashi, or hospitality. This philosophy emphasizes treating guests with the utmost respect and care, and is reflected in the meticulous attention to detail in traditional Japanese cuisine. From the presentation of dishes to the atmosphere of the dining space, every aspect of the meal is carefully considered to create a memorable experience.

It is this deep-seated appreciation for food and hospitality that is encapsulated in the phrase "Itadakimasu". By expressing gratitude before a meal, Japanese people honor the efforts of those who have contributed to the meal, from the farmers who grew the ingredients to the cooks who prepared the dishes. This mindfulness and appreciation for food is at the heart of Japanese food culture.


Itadakimasu, the heartfelt phrase used before every Japanese meal, holds a deep significance in Japanese culture and cuisine. Through this article, we have explored the meaning behind it and the cultural traditions associated with it. From expressing gratitude before a meal to practicing mindful eating, "Itadakimasu" highlights the importance of food appreciation in Japanese cuisine.

Moreover, Japanese food culture is deeply rooted in traditional cooking techniques, seasonal ingredients, and culinary artistry. "Itadakimasu" is a reflection of this broader food culture, emphasizing the significance of fresh and seasonal ingredients in Japanese cuisine.

traditional Japanese dining environment, encapsulating the essence of 'Itadakimasu' and food appreciation

The Importance of Cultural Traditions in Food Appreciation

Food is more than just sustenance; it is also a reflection of a culture's values, traditions, and history. Through "Itadakimasu" and other dining rituals, we can gain a deeper understanding of Japanese culture and its relationship with food. By appreciating and respecting different food cultures, we can broaden our horizons and build bridges between different communities.

So, the next time you sit down for a Japanese meal, remember to say "Itadakimasu" and take a moment to appreciate the flavors, textures, and aromas of the food. Embrace the cultural traditions and rituals surrounding the meal, and you might gain a whole new appreciation for Japanese cuisine.


Q: What does "Itadakimasu" mean?

A: "Itadakimasu" is a Japanese phrase that is typically said before starting a meal. It is often translated as "I humbly receive" and carries a sense of gratitude and appreciation for the food that is about to be consumed.

Q: Why is "Itadakimasu" important in Japanese culture?

A: "Itadakimasu" is considered an important part of Japanese culture as it reflects the value placed on gratitude and respect, not only towards the food itself but also towards those involved in its preparation, such as farmers, fishermen, and chefs. It is seen as a way to express appreciation for the nourishment provided by the meal.

Q: Do I have to say "Itadakimasu" before every meal?

A: While saying "Itadakimasu" is a common practice in Japan, it is not necessarily expected in all situations. It is more commonly used in formal settings or when dining with others. However, if you wish to embrace Japanese culture or show respect when dining with Japanese individuals, saying "Itadakimasu" can be a nice gesture.

Q: How do I pronounce "Itadakimasu"?

A: "Itadakimasu" is pronounced as "ee-tah-dah-kee-mas." The "i" sounds like the "ee" in "see," and the "u" at the end is subtle. The emphasis is on the second syllable, "dah."

Q: Are there any specific gestures associated with "Itadakimasu"?

A: There are no specific hand gestures associated with saying "Itadakimasu." However, it is common for some people to place their hands together in a prayer-like position or give a slight bow as a gesture of gratitude before starting the meal.

Q: Is "Itadakimasu" only used before meals? What about snacks or drinks?

A: "Itadakimasu" is primarily used before meals, but it can also be said before consuming snacks or drinks. The intention behind saying the phrase remains the same – to express gratitude and appreciation for the sustenance being enjoyed.

Japan Dining 101: Questions and Answers

zenDine blog author

Haru is a food writer from Tokyo who writes for the company zenDine. He loves to explore all kinds of Japanese food, from simple home dishes to fancy meals at top restaurants.

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